Geography and Landforms:
The state of New Mexico consists of four land regions - the Great Plains, the Colorado Plateau, the Rocky Mountains, and the Basin and Range region.
The first European to reach what is now the state of New Mexico was Cabeza de Vaca. De Vaca was part of an expedition in search of gold in Florida. When their ship wrecked just off the Texas coast, they came ashore and wandered across southern New Mexico between 1528 and 1536. The expedition encountered the pueblo villages of the Native Americans and brought word back to the Spanish of their experiences.
Agriculture provides a considerable source of income for New Mexico. The most important agricultural industry is ranching. Ranches throughout the state make use of land that is too steep or too rocky for growing crops. Cattle and sheep thrive on the open range year round. Major crops of hay and sorghum are grown in the dry climate. Pinto beans, pinon nuts, and chili peppers are also raised.
The earliest established culture in New Mexico was that of the Pueblos, a sedentary group of Native Americans who flourished in farming communities. They included the Mogollon, who lived in the valleys of the area that is now the New Mexico-Arizona border between 500 BC and 1200 AD, and the Anasazi.
Books Related To New Mexico
E is for Enchantment: A New Mexico Alphabet - Helen Foster James
The Gadget - Paul Zindel
Harvey Girl - Sheila Wood Foard
Josefina's Surprise - Valerie Tripp
Kokopellis' Flute - Will Hobbs
The Last Snake Runner - Kimberley Little
Muchacho - LouAnne Johnson
The Night of Las Posadas - Tomie dePaola
The Staircase - Ann Rinaldi
Surprising Cecilia - Denise Gonzales Abraham
Tiger Eyes - Judy Blume
White Sands: Red Menace - Ellen Klages
|Entered Union:||January 6, 1912|
|Nickname:||Land of Enchantment|
Places to Visit in New Mexico: (Click the links to learn more.)